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Masterforex indonesia volcano

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Residents and visitors were advised not to enter an area within 1 km of the summit. White plumes rose to altitudes of 4. On 11 May, a gray plume was possibly spotted. On 24 March, an ash-and-gas plume rose to an altitude of 4. Ash was not visible on satellite imagery. During July, volcanic and seismic activity increased at Kerinci. An ash plume rose m above the crater rim and drifted W.

Ash was deposited up to 1 cm thick and as far away as 3 km from the crater. There was an increase in volcanic earthquakes during the report week in comparison to the previous week. Visitors were advised not to climb to the volcano's peak until activity decreased.

No ash was visible on satellite imagery. During August, seismicity at Kerinci was dominated by small explosion earthquakes. The cloud was not visible on satellite imagery. During January, seismicity at Kerinci seemed to decrease in comparison to the previous week. Seismicity was dominated by small explosions. Minor explosions on 26 January produced plumes m above the summit. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2. Seismicity decreased during 30 December-6 January at Kerinci, with small explosions occurring.

In addition, plumes only reached m above the summit in comparison to m the previous week. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 on a scale of Three explosions occurred at Kerinci during 19 and 25 December that produced predominately E-drifting plumes m above the volcano. During 26 November- 2 December seismicity was dominated by small explosion earthquakes. White, thick plumes rose m above the volcano, which remained at Alert Level 2 on a scale of The number of small explosion earthquakes at Kerinci increased to 2, during September from 1, the previous week.

Steam plumes rose to m above the volcano, which remained at Alert Level 2 on a scale of During September activity at Kerinci was dominated by 1, small explosion earthquakes. On 9 September during small explosions produced ash plumes that rose to 0.

Kerinci remained at Alert Level 2 on a scale of During August eruptive activity ceased and seismic activity was dominated by small explosion earthquakes 2, On 9 August a small explosion at Kerinci produced an ash cloud that rose m above the summit. Workers in rice fields around the volcano heard a booming sound and VSI personnel saw the dark brown ash cloud drift to the NNE.

During 30 July August seismographs recorded small explosion events. The volcano was at Alert Level 2. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports. A white plume containing SO 2 was continuously emitted from numerous fumaroles on the crater floor, m below the summit. Information Contacts: T. Casadevall and A. Activity continued to decrease during October. White vapor was released from the crater and rose m with occasional small explosions.

During October seismic signals had a maximum amplitude of 7 mm. Information Contacts: Wimpy S. Activity increased beginning on 4 July. A gray-to-black plume escaped the summit crater under high pressure around noon. Local residents heard a noise similar to cannon-fire. The cloud rose , m above the summit. The eruption ended about On 5 July the volcano had resumed its normal level of activity; the plume reached heights of m above the summit.

Information Contacts: R. Increasing activity culminated in an eruption on 3 November. In the early afternoon the volcano rumbled three times and ash covered the nearby village of Palempok. Residents also noticed a strong sulfur smell. Rumbling was heard twice on 6 November by residents of Tangkil and Palempok. Unfortunately, the seismograph used to monitor the volcano had been inoperative since 3 November. The intensity of eruption at Kerinci varied during April and May.

White or gray ash plumes rose up to m above the summit on many days during these months. Periodic increases and decreases in both volcanic and tectonic earthquakes were recorded. In June the number of daily volcanic earthquakes increased and the ash erupted from the summit became darker in color.

During the week of June, volcanologists noticed that the ash column rose m above the summit under strong gas pressure and that the summit topography changed. On 28 June tremor became continuous and at on 29 June an ash column rose 1, m above the summit under strong gas pressure.

Increased ash emissions and nearly continuous tremor continued for several weeks. Two eruptions of dark brown and black ash rose m above the summit on 21 July. Black ash was vigorously ejected on 23 July. The ash from this eruption drifted eastward in a billowing cloud.

Ash erupted on 28 July fell on nearby villages and farms. During August activity slowly decreased in intensity: tremor resumed normal levels and periods of duration, and emissions were a more normal dense white color. Eruption plumes rose to heights of m. This calmer activity persisted through September.

Gas-and-steam plumes and explosion earthquakes, February to mid-October Persistent fumarolic activity occurred at Kerinci during February to mid-October During the report period Kerinci mainly produced light-colored, variably dense gas-and-steam plumes that rose m. Plumes were occasionally reported to darken and become dense between 29 February and 20 March, possibly indicating ash emission, although no ashfall was reported.

These earthquakes were continuous during late April to mid-May. Consistent numbers of deep volcanic A-type , shallow volcanic B-type , and tectonic earthquakes occurred throughout the period. During the report interval no major eruptions were observed, and Kerinci's hazard status did not exceed 2 on a scale of Minor explosions, ash plumes, and seismicity from May through early During May through at least early January , seismic activity at Kerinci was dominated by small explosion earthquakes.

Plumes were visible above the summit and generally drifted E throughout most of the report period table 1. Minor explosions occurred and on 9 August an explosion was accompanied by a booming sound heard by people working in rice fields around the volcano.

At the same day a brown, high-pressure plume was observed reaching m above the summit. Table 1. Seismicity at Kerinci during 7 May through 6 January The left-hand column shows time intervals; the adjacent four columns indicate the number of earthquakes or maximum tremor amplitudes seen during the time intervals; the right-hand column adds comments about plume heights.

Courtesy VSI. Eruptive activity stopped briefly during mid-August. During on 9 September, explosive activity produced a brown ash plume that rose m above the summit. Gas pressure was low in early November and seismic activity decreased slightly. The volcano remained at Alert Level 2 on a scale of throughout the report period.

During January-May , seismic activity at Kerinci was dominated by small explosion earthquakes. Plumes reached up to m above the summit table 2. An explosion during on 4 May produced ash that rose m above the summit. The Alert Level remained at 2 throughout the report period. Table 2. Seismicity and plume observations at Kerinci during 7 January through 19 May Continuous small explosions during May through early September During 27 May-8 September , seismicity at Kerinci was dominated by continuous small explosion earthquakes.

Plumes reached up to m above the summit table 3. Table 3. Earthquakes reported at Kerinci during 27 May-8 September Continuous small explosions were reported throughout the report period. Emissions were continuous through at least late October table 4.

During most of the period 9 September October a "white-thin ash plume" rose m and drifted toward the W or SW. No ashfall was reported. No further reports were issued during Table 4. Earthquakes registered at Kerinci during 9 September October Although frequently active, the most recent eruptive period at Kerinci had ended by late BGVN and During July observers reported seeing a "white, thick blackish" plume rising m above the crater rim and drifting WSW.

Ashfall deposits as thick as 1 cm were identified at distances of 3 km from the summit. The number of volcanic earthquakes recorded rose during this week and remained high through the week ending on 8 August table 5. Another eruption on the morning of 6 August sent a gray ash plume m above the summit. Table 5. Seismicity at Kerinci, 12 July August Volcanic earthquakes decreased during August, although continuous emission signals were still being recorded and thin white plumes were seen rising m above the summit.

Similar activity continued the following week. A thick gray plume rising 50 m was reported the week of August, but there was no change in seismicity. The following report overlaps slightly, covering 17 July through 24 October Seismicity is summarized in table 6. Table 6. Volcanic seismicity registered at Kerinci during 17 July to 24 October For all six cases June and September , the VAAC staff noted that due to cloud cover, ash was not visible in satellite data.

Kerinci erupted on 6 August at hours. Gray ash rose to m above the summit. The hazard status was raised to Alert Level II yellow at , where it stayed for the remainder of this report period. During August the number of earthquakes decreased. A white thin plume again rose to m above the summit. Volcanic activity remained relatively stable from 15 August through 24 October , with thick gray plumes rising m above the summit. Occasional steam plumes in ; ash emission on 9 September Kerinci last erupted on 6 August This report discusses events through 11 May On 8 September , a number of minor seismic events occurred.

Visitors and tourists were not permitted to approach the crater closer than 1 km. Another increase in seismicity occurred during May, when thick white plumes rose to altitudes of 4. The Alert Status remained at 2. Eruptions sent ash plumes hundreds of meters above the crater during the first three weeks of April , causing ashfall 8 km away.

During September through at least 21 April the Alert Level remained at 2 on a scale of Residents and visitors have been advised to remain at least 1 km from the summit and to don masks in cases of heavy ashfall. The signals were generally dominated by those from eruptions and their associated seismically detected signals traveling through air as opposed to rock , 'air blasts. The amplitudes of eruptive earthquake signals were mm; the amplitudes of the air blasts were 0.

In addition, earthquakes during this 3-week period also included those of deep volcanic origin on 9 and 10 April 1 per day. The increased seismicity was accompanied by steam-, ash-, or cinder-bearing plumes, sometimes dense, that rose as high as m above the crater. A nearby observation post reported the rumbling of eruptions and ashfall during April that extended as much as 8 km from the crater. The eruptions deposited loose material ash, cinders, lapilli, volcanic bombs, etc. CVGHM was concerned that a heavy rain in the vicinity of the volcano could pick up this loose material and cause a lahar along the river channel.

Since mid-December there have been four instances where there was an emission of ash, qualifying the event as an eruption. These took place in December , June , and twice in The eruptions in were separated by five months, so are treated as distinct eruptions.

PVMBG mentioned in its reports on Kerinci that an eruption on 15 December generated an ash plume that rose about m above the summit summit elevation is 3. No other details were given. A brief eruption was reported by PVMBG on 2 June , from to , that generated an ash plume 1 km above the crater. Ashfall as thick as 5 mm was reported in areas to the E, including Tangkil 7. In a Jakarta Post story, a resident of Sungai Rumpun village about 10 km SE reported hearing a loud bang and black plumes with a sulfur odor.

The article noted that several villages in Gunung Tujuh district an area that includes the SE flank of the volcano received heavy ashfall, but it was washed off the crops by rain. Seismicity during this period was dominated by signals indicating emissions and shallow volcanic earthquakes.

Climbers who reached the summit around this time exact dates not reported, images uploaded 17 January photographed steam plumes figure 1 and solid lava flows figure 2 in the crater. On 29 April an ash plume rose to an altitude of 6. Ash plumes were again reported on , and 21 November based on observations of satellite data by the Darwin VAAC.

The plumes rose to altitudes of 4. On 15 and 17 November they drifted almost 30 km downwind. The Alert Level remained at 2 on a scale of , where it has been since September , and PVMBG advised residents and visitors not to enter an area within 3 km of the summit.

Small ash plumes observed in August , April , and June Sentinel-2 satellite imagery showed what appeared to be a small ash plume rising from the crater on 21 April figure 4. On 10 June an ash plume rose to an altitude of 4 km and drifted W. During the reporting period, no significant sulfur dioxide levels near the volcano were recorded by NASA's satellite-borne ozone instruments, and no thermal anomalies were detected. A persistent gas-and-steam plume and intermittent ash plumes occurred from July through January Kerinci is a frequently active volcano in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Recent activity has consisted of intermittent explosions, ash, and gas-and-steam plumes. The volcano alert has been at Level II since 9 September Throughout this period dilute gas-and-steam plumes rising about m above the summit were frequently observed and seismicity continued figure 6. Table 7. Summary of ash plumes altitude and drift direction for Kerinci during July through January The summit is at 3.

Only one day with elevated thermal emission was noted in Sentinel-2 satellite data for the entire reporting period, on 13 September figure 8. On September there was an ash plume observed to m above the peak that dispersed to the W.

On 19 January from to an ash plume rose to m above the crater and dispersed to the E and SE figure 9. Frequently active, Indonesia's Mount Kerinci on Sumatra has been the source of numerous moderate explosive eruptions since its first recorded eruption in Intermittent explosions with ash plumes, usually multiple times per month, have characterized activity since April The seismicity during the event was dominated by continuous volcanic tremor. A brown ash emission was reported on 7 March that rose to 3.

Ash also drifted 1, m down the SE flank. Another ash plume the next morning drifted W at 4. A gray ash emission was reported on 19 March about m above the summit drifting NE; local news media noted that residents of Kayo Aro reported emissions on both 18 and 19 March figure An ash emission appeared in satellite imagery on 25 March figure PVMBG reported another gray ash plume the following day at a similar altitude.

Satellite imagery showed minor ash emissions from the summit on 14 April; steam plumes m above the summit characterized activity for the remainder of April figure Ashfall on the NE and S flanks within 7 km of the volcano was reported on 2 May The smell of sulfur was apparent in the villages. Brown ash emissions were observed on 3 and 4 May that rose to 4. A brown ash emission on 10 May rose m above the summit and drifted SE. Satellite imagery captured ash emissions from the summit on 14 and 24 May figure For the remainder of the month, m-high dense steam plumes were noted daily until PVMBG reported white and brown plumes on 26 and 27 May rising , m above the summit.

Although thermal anomalies were not reported during the period, persistent weak SO 2 emissions were identified in TROPOMI instrument satellite data multiple times per month figure Intermittent gas-and-steam and ash plumes during June-early November Kerinci, located in Sumatra, Indonesia, is a highly active volcano characterized by explosive eruptions with ash plumes and gas-and-steam emissions. The most recent eruptive episode began in April and included intermittent explosions with ash plumes.

Volcanism continued from June-November with ongoing intermittent gas-and-steam and ash plumes. Ground observations, satellite imagery, and weather models were used to monitor the plume, which ranged from 4. On 7 June at a gray ash emission rose m above the summit, drifting E, according to a ground observer. An ash plume on 12 July rose to 4 km altitude and drifted SW, as determined by satellite imagery and weather models.

An eruption produced a gray ash cloud on 31 July that rose to 4. Another ash cloud rose up to 4. On 2 September a possible ash plume rose to a maximum altitude of 4. Brown ash emissions rose to 4. Similar plumes reached 4. On November, ground observers saw brown ash emissions rising up to 4. Gas emissions continued to be observed through November, as reported by PVMBG and identified in satellite imagery figure Seismicity that included volcanic earthquakes also continued between June and early November, when the frequency decreased.

Kerinci is a stratovolcano located in Sumatra, Indonesia that has been characterized by explosive eruptions with ash plumes and gas-and-steam emissions. The most recent eruptive episode began in April which has included intermittent explosions and ash plumes. The previous report BGVN described more recent activity consisting of intermittent gas-and-steam and ash plumes which occurred during June through early November This volcanism continued through May , though little to no activity was reported during December Activity during December consisted of white gas-and-steam emissions rising m above the summit.

White and brown emissions continued intermittently through May , rising to a maximum altitude of 1 km above the summit on 14 April. Brown emissions continued intermittently throughout the reporting period. During February, two VONA notices reported that brown ash plumes rose m above the summit and drifted SW accompanied by consistent white gas-and-steam emissions figure During and March brown ash emissions were frequently observed rising m above the summit drifting in multiple directions.

During and , April brown ash emissions were reported , m above the summit. By April brown ash emissions rose m above the summit. Please refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site to be automatically logged in Please refresh your browser to be logged in. The volcano sits about 1, miles east of Indonesian capital Jakarta.

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